Java Tutorial: Top 5 Tutorials to Master Java Programming Language in 2021

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Top five Java tutorials which will help you in mastering Java programming language in 2021.

Java is one of the best high-level programming languages which is developed by Sun Microsystems and released in 1995. The best feature of the Java Programming language is to write programs that are more or less independent of a particular type of computer. Java can run on a variety of platforms, such as Windows, Mac OS, and the various versions of UNIX.

Java Logo (Java Tutorial: Best Five Tutorials to Master Java Programming Language in 2018 [Part 5])

The reason behind its name” JAVA”: James Gosling and the team members were drinking coffee a lot during the development of the JAVA language. They thought it’s a good quality of coffee because of which they were able to develop a better language. So, the coffee played a crucial role in its own way in the development of the JAVA language, and the place from where the good quality of coffee is exported to the entire world is ‘JAVA Island’. Hence, the place from where the coffee came becomes the name of the language as ‘JAVA’, and the symbol of JAVA programming language is itself a coffee cup and saucer.

In September 1994, the journey of writing WebRunner-a Java-based Web browser started by Naughton and Jonathan Payne, and it was later renamed as HotJava.

In October 1994, a demonstration was given in front of the Sun executives and this happened after they made a stable version of HotJava. With the capabilities of executing applets, HotJava became the first browser.

Netscape Navigator & JAVA (Java Tutorial: Best Five Tutorials to Master Java Programming Language in 2018 [Part 5])

In 1995, at the SunWorld conference, Java and HotJava were formally announced by Sun. Soon after, Netscape Inc. incorporated Java support in its browser Netscape Navigator. Later, the Internet Explorer Web browser was incorporated with Java which was announced by Microsoft.

Java Versions, Features and History-

Released on 23 January 1996, JDK 1.0 version.

Released on 19 February 1997 JDK 1.1 version.

New features in JDK 1.1

  1. JDBC (Java Database Connectivity)
  2. Inner Classes
  3. Java Beans
  4. RMI (Remote Method Invocation)
  5. Reflection (introspection only)

Released on 8 December 1998 J2SE 1.2 version.

New features in J2SE 1.2

  1. Collections framework.
  2. Java String memory map for constants.
  3. Just In Time (JIT) compiler.
  4. Jar Signer for signing Java ARchive (JAR) files.
  5. Policy Tool for granting access to system resources.
  6. Java Foundation Classes (JFC) which consists of Swing 1.0, Drag and Drop, and Java 2D class libraries.
  7. Java Plug-in
  8. Scrollable result sets, BLOB, CLOB, batch update, user-defined types in JDBC.
  9. Audio support in Applets.

Released on 8 May 2000 J2SE 1.3 version.

New features in J2SE 1.3

  1. Java Sound
  2. Jar Indexing
  3. A huge list of enhancements in almost all the java area.

Released on 6 February 2002 J2SE 1.4 version.

New features in J2SE 1.4

  1. XML Processing
  2. Java Print Service
  3. Logging API
  4. Java Web Start
  5. JDBC 3.0 API
  6. Assertions
  7. Preferences API
  8. Chained Exception
  9. IPv6 Support
  10. Regular Expressions
  11. Image I/O API

Released on 30 September 2004 J2SE 1.5 version.

New features in J2SE 1.5

  1. Generics
  2. Enhanced for Loop
  3. Autoboxing/Unboxing
  4. Typesafe Enums
  5. Varargs
  6. Static Import
  7. Metadata (Annotations)
  8. Instrumentation

Released on 11 December 2006 J2SE 1.6 version.

New features in J2SE 1.6

  1. Scripting Language Support
  2. JDBC 4.0 API
  3. Java Compiler API
  4. Pluggable Annotations
  5. Native PKI, Java GSS, Kerberos, and LDAP support.
  6. Integrated Web Services.
  7. Lots more enhancements.

Released on 28 July 2011 J2SE 1.7 version.

New features in J2SE 1.7

  1. Strings in switch Statement
  2. Type Inference for Generic Instance Creation
  3. Multiple Exception Handling
  4. Support for Dynamic Languages
  5. Try with Resources
  6. Java NIO Package
  7. Binary Literals, underscore in literals
  8. Diamond Syntax
  9. Automatic null Handling

So, coming to that part for which we had started. Java Tutorial: From the bests. These are some best java tutorial to learn from:

#1 Intro to Java Programming (

In this Java tutorial, you’ll learn as well as practice essential computer science concepts using the Java programming language. You’ll get to know about Object-Oriented Programming, a technique that allows you to use code written by other programmers in your own programs. You’ll use your new Java programming skills to the test by solving real-world problems faced by software engineers.

Course Cost: Free Time: Approximate 4 Months
Skill Level: Beginner    Educator: Cay Horstmann, Chang Han-Lee, Sara Tansey
Language: English

Link: Intro to Java Programming

Table of Contents:

  • Variables and Data Types
    In this first lesson, you’ll learn the basic intro of java programming. An idea behind the java programming. You’ll write your first Java program. You’ll learn about variables. How to use them, store value inside them, and to retrieve information from them/ using them.
  • Control Flow and Conditionals
    How to tackle decision-making scenarios in Java? The answer to this is inside this course(Java Tutorial). A hint, using if-else case statements and switch-case statements.
    You’ll learn how to use if-else and switch-case statements in Java program to tackle the decision-making scenario.
  • Functions
    In this Udacity’s Java tutorial, and particularly in this lesson, you’ll learn about functions. How to create functions in Java? Importance of functions in Java. The declaration method to input argument and return types. How to call a function which you have created?
  • Loops
    Use for and while loops to iterate over a block of code. Learn how to write nested loops. Use 2D arrays to store and retrieve information.
  • Intellij and Debugging
    Prepare for your next project by installing Java and Intellij, debugging your code, and applying the skills learned in previous lessons.


Lesson 1: Introduction to Computers, Programming Languages, Algorithms, and the Java Programming Environment
Lesson 2: Introduction to Classes and Objects
Lesson 3: Graphics
Lesson 4: Fundamental Data Types
Lesson 5: Decisions
Lesson 6: Iterations
Lesson 7: Arrays, Array Lists, and Simple Array Algorithms
Lesson 8: Methods (Parameter Passing, Instance vs. Static Methods)
Lesson 9: Inheritance

Why join this course?

Today, Java is one of the most popular programming languages used by software developers. It is the core language used in developing Android apps and is also commonly used in back-end web development. If you’re a rookie in programming and want to enter either of these fields, this perfect course (Java Tutorial) is a great place to get started.
Java programming is a great option for first-time coders due to its popularity and ease to learn. This course (Java Tutorial) will provide you with a solid foundation in computer science and Object-Oriented Programming concepts, as well as set you on the path to success as a software engineer.

#2 The Java Tutorials by Oracle

In Oracle’s Java Tutorials, the guide they mentioned is simply a practical guide for programmers who want to use Java for creating applications. Inside Oracle’s Java Tutorials, there are hundreds of complete, working examples, and dozens of lessons.

  • Trails Covering the Basics
    These trails are available in book form as The Java Tutorial, Sixth Edition. To buy this book, refer
    to the box to the right.  
    • Getting Started — An introduction to Java technology and lessons on installing Java development software and using it to create a simple program.
    • Learning the Java Language — Lessons describing the essential concepts and features of the Java Programming Language.
    • Essential Java Classes — Lessons on exceptions, basic input/output, concurrency, regular expressions, and the platform environment.
    • Collections — Lessons on using and extending the Java Collections Framework.
    • Date-Time APIs — How to use the java.time pages to write the date and time code.
    • Deployment — How to package applications and applets using JAR files, and deploy them using Java Web Start and Java Plug-in.
    • Preparation for Java Programming Language Certification — List of available training and tutorial resources.
  • Creating Graphical User Interfaces
  • Specialized Trails and Lessons
    These trails and lessons are only available as web pages.  
    • Custom Networking — An introduction to the Java platform’s powerful networking features.
    • The Extension MechanismHow to make custom APIs available to all applications running on the Java platform.
    • Full-Screen Exclusive Mode APIHow to write applications that more fully utilize the user’s graphics hardware.
    • GenericsAn enhancement to the type system that supports operations on objects of various types while providing compile-time type safety. Note that this lesson is for advanced users. The Java Language trail contains a Generics lesson that is suitable for beginners.
    • InternationalizationAn introduction to designing software so that it can be easily adapted (localized) to various languages and regions.
    • JavaBeansThe Java platform’s component technology.
    • JDBC Database AccessIntroduces an API for connectivity between the Java applications and a wide range of databases and data sources.
    • JMXJava Management Extensions provides a standard way of managing resources such as applications, devices, and services.
    • JNDIJava Naming and Directory Interface enables accessing the Naming and Directory Service such as DNS and LDAP.
    • JAXPIntroduces the Java API for XML Processing (JAXP) technology.
    • JAXBIntroduces the Java Architecture for XML Binding (JAXB) technology.
    • RMI The Remote Method Invocation API allows an object to invoke methods of an object running on another Java Virtual Machine.
    • ReflectionAn API that represents (“reflects”) the classes, interfaces, and objects in the current Java Virtual Machine.
    • SecurityJava platform features that help protect applications from malicious software.
    • SoundAn API for playing sound data from applications.
    • 2D GraphicsHow to display and print 2D graphics in applications.
    • Sockets Direct ProtocolHow to enable the Sockets Direct Protocol to take advantage of InfiniBand.

#3 Java Programming Course – The New Boston

Course Cost: Free         Time: Approximate 11 hours
Skill Level: Beginner    Language: English

Link: Java Programming Tutorial

Table of Contents (summary)

  • Java Programming Tutorial- 1 – Installing the JDK
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 2 – Running a Java Program
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 3 – Downloading Eclipse
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 4 – Hello YouTube
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 5 – Variables
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 6 – Getting User Input
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 7 – Building Basic Calculator
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 8 – Math Operators
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 9 – Increment Operators
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 10 – If Statement
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 11 – Logical Operators
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 12 – Switch Statement
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 13 – While Loop
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 14 – Using Multiple Classes
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 15 – Use Methods and Instances
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 16 – Constructors
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 17 – Nested if Statements
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 18 – Else if Statement
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 19 – Conditional Operators
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 20 – Simple Averaging Program
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 21 – For Loops
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 22 – Compound Interest Program
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 23 – Do While Loops
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 24 – Math Class Methods
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 25 – Random Number Generator
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 26 – Introduction to Arrays
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 27 – Creating an Array Table
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 28 – Summing Elements of Arrays
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 29 – Array Elements as Counters
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 30 – Enhanced for Loop
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 31 – Arrays in Methods
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 32 – Multidimensional Arrays
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 33 – Table for Multi Arrays
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 34 – Variable Length Arguments
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 35 – Time Class
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 36 – Display Regular Time
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 37 – Public, Private and this
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 38 – Multiple Constructors
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 39 – Set and Get Methods
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 40 – Building Objects for Constructors
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 41 – toString
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 42 – Composition
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 43 – Enumeration
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 44 – EnumSet Range
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 45 – Static
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 46 – More on Static
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 47 – Final
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 48 – Inheritance
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 49 – Graphical User Interface GUI
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 50 – GUI with JFrame
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 51 – Event Handling
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 52 – ActionListner
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 53 – Event Handler Program
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 54 – Introduction to Polymorphism
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 55 – Polymorphic Arguments
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 56 – Overriding Rules
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 57 – Abstract and Concrete Classes
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 58 – Class to Hold Objects
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 59 – Array Holding Many Objects
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 60 – Simple Polymorphic Program
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 61 – JButton
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 62 – JButton Final Program
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 63 – JCheckBox
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 64 – Final Check Box Program
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 65 – JRadioButton
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 66 – JRadioButton Final Program
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 67 – JComboBox
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 68 – Drop Down List Program
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 69 – JList
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 70 – JList Program
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 71 – Multiple Selection List
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 72 – Moving List Items Program
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 73 – Mouse Events
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 74 – Mouse Listener Interface
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 75 – Mouse Motion Listener Interface
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 76 – Adaptar Classes
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 77 – File Class
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 78 – Creating Files
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 79 – Writing to Files
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 80 – Reading from Files
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 81 – Exception Handling
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 82 – FlowLayout
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 83 – Drawing Graphics
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 84 – JColor Chooser
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 85 – More Stuff
  • Java Programming Tutorial- 86 – Series Finale

#4 Head First Java (O’Reilly)

Head First Java combines puzzles, strong visuals, mysteries, and soul-searching interviews with famous Java objects to engage you in many different ways. It’s fast, it’s fun, and it’s effective. And, despite its playful appearance, Head First Java is serious stuff: a complete introduction to object-oriented programming and Java. You’ll learn everything from the fundamentals to advanced topics, including threads, network sockets, and distributed programming with RMI. And the new second edition focuses on Java 5.0, the latest version of the Java language and development platform. Because Java 5.0 is a major update to the platform, with deep, code-level changes, even more, careful study and implementation are required. So learning the Head First way is more important than ever.

Book Cost: Paid Time: Approximate 7 hours
Skill Level: Beginner Language: English

Table of Contents (summary)

Intro xxi
Breaking the Surface: a quick dip1
A Trip to Objectville: yes, there will be object27
Know Your Variables: primitives and references49
How Objects Behave: object state affects method behavior71
Extra-Strength Methods: flow control, operations, and more95
Using the Java Library: so you don’t have to write it all yourself125
Better Living in Objectville: planning for the future165
Serious Polymorphism: exploiting abstract classes and interfaces197
Life and Death of an Object: constructors and memory management235
Numbers Matter: math, formatting, wrappers, and statics273
Risky Behavior: exception handling315
A Very Graphic Story: intro to GUI, event handling, and inner classes353
Work on Your Swing: layout managers and components399
Saving Objects: serialization and I/O429
Make a Connection: networking sockets and multithreading471
Data Structures: collections and generics529
Release Your Code: packaging and deployment581
Distributed Computing: RMI with a dash of servlets, EJB, and Jini 607
Appendix A: Final code kitchen649
Appendix B: Top Ten Things that didn’t make it into the rest of the book659

#5 Complete Java Masterclass 

Course Cost: Free Time: 74 hours
Language: English Skill Level: Beginner, Intermediate, Expert

Link: Complete Java  

Things you’ll learn

  • How to build creative, fully-functional Java 8 programs with confidence (whilst having fun, too)
  • How to program the right way, cutting out the useless fluff and filler
  • How to easily write advanced programs for all computing platforms at once
  • Expert-level knowledge of Java code (+ advanced tips and tricks used by the pros)
  • The core skills needed to program for big clients, as a traveling freelancer or from home


  • A computer with either Windows, Mac or Linux to install all the free software and tools needed to build your new apps (I provide specific videos on installations for each platform)
  • A strong work ethic, willingness to learn, and plenty of excitement about the awesome new programs you’re about to build
  • Nothing else! It’s just you, your computer and your hunger to get started today

Table of Contents (summary)

Sl. No.Contents
1Introduction to Java
3First Steps
4Variables, Datatypes And Operators
5Java Tutorial: Expressions, Statements, Code Blocks, Methods And More
6Control Flow Statements
7OOP Part 1 – Classes, Constructors And Inheritance
8OOP Part 2 – Composition, Encapsulation, And Polymorphism
9Arrays, Java Inbuilt Lists, Autoboxing And Unboxing
10Inner And Abstract Classes & Interfaces
11Java Generics
12Naming Conventions And Packages. Static And Final Keywords
13Java Collections
15Basic Input & Output Including Java.Util
16Concurrency in Java
17Lambda Expressions
18Regular Expressions
19Debugging And Unit Testing
21Java Networking Programming
22Java 9 Module System
23Migrating Java Projects To Java 9
24Bonus Material

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